Português Inglês

Historical Kings

    When the Portuguese arrived at the river Zaire in 1482, found that religion Medieval África what the historian Lusitanian Anthony Adams called "a black population of the households most important of all time empire-Congo."
     Missionaries from many different congregations led to the congo the fascination of Catholicism, led many churches there among them, Our Lady of the Rosário, in Mbanza Kongo.
     Likewise, the choice and the enthronement ceremonies of the kings of Congo have come under influence of the Catholic Church, many of which were crowned by high church authorities.
The congo lived period of great expansion and its king dominated proudly: Don Garcia, King of the Congo,      Angola King of Matamba, Kundi, Lula, sovereign lord of all the Mbundu and several other realms that are linked on the right margin Zaire.
     The king of the Congo, Dom Afonso Garcia 1 died during the battle and with it, his son, the crown prince. Broke up, so the line of succession Congo.


     It was still in the initial period of Portugal's presence in Congo that the missionaries up the first black brotherhoods, both in Africa and in Portugal. The relationship with Our Lady of the Rosário - in October - is a tradition in Portugal has inaugurated by the Dominicans, who has founded the Rosário for the black slaves and Portuguese.

Hearts and enthronement

     From the start, next to the Dominican religious processions and parades, the brotherhood of black (and even some white) accounted coronations of kings, battles and embassies reias. In the port, during the feast of Our Lady of the Rosário, who informs the Renato Almeida, is represented from a very old, the court of King of Congo, with its king and queen. Heart of kings and queens were already customary in África, even before the      European preparation. After all, the tribes had their leftovers.
Congos, is a kind of dance, with sword fights and songs, presented in religious festivals, on occasion, the Feast of Our Lady of the Rosário held in October each year, in Rosário - District of the City of Milagres-Ce.

Congos” of the Rosário

     In the district of the Rosário, City of Milagres, has one of the oldest groups of “Congos” of the Region. The “Congos”, is a secular tradition, originated of taken the enslaved blacks run away and the pair to work in farms of sugar cane-of-sugar in the City of Barbalha.
Congos Milagres     Every year, in Rosário, in the month of October, time that if commemorates the Party of Ours Lady of the Rosário (Patron of the District), a group d people is congregated to make its way, homage to the Patron. The men present themselves dresses with blue and red satin shirts, others with white shirts and a species of superficially red vest, a small red skirt with income peaks on the pants, all with small mirrors and ribbons. The women they appear with white dresses of income, golden crowns, these do not use mirrors in the clothes, all the integrant ones, men and women, bring a sword in the hand, dance, sing, making rhythmic steps, beating strong with the feet in the soil, producing the sound that folloies its songs.
     They make pretty and assayed choreographies, opening space for the scenario of fights, the members that go to the center make a mixture of dance and fight, whereas all beat swords with its neighbors, in equal movements. Everything is agreement well, the strokes of the swords, stepped on strong, letters of the songs and the choreographies that present. Known as the “Congos of the Rosário” or “Pretinhos of the Congos”, the group today is interbred, however, it keeps a leadership that passes of father for son, since the time more remote than its integrant ones have notice.
     According to Mr. Raimundo Zacarias, who commands the group since 1949, this leadership comes of its great-grandfather that he passed to participate, is alone to learn the song and not to lack the presentations.
“The Congos” for being of enslaved origin, and this in turn one of the races that origin gave to the Brazilian people, defines then Brazilian culture. This manifestation appeared with the necessity that the blacks had of spill its emotions, to run away from the suffering that was slavery; to disclose the will that had to fight for this, with also its religiosity, the worship the God.
     To join the Congos as playing two ways. The most usual is by promise a person makes a promise to Our Lady of the Rosário and, if achieved grace, thanks to her devotion of the Congos, that is taking part of it for life. In this case, the person communicates to the Master and why it allows participation, even if this is not a good dancer. But with people not paying, you can also join in the Congos.
Just have an interest, be disciplined, dedicated and learn the steps in the tests and dance moves and singing parts. There are cases of playing that even after years of testing, can not dance or sing according to the Master considered satisfactory.
     Doca Zacarias also entered the Congos by promise: He says: "My promise was: It was my father before he died, asked me to stay until the end of my life paying that promise to Our Lady of the Rosário.” The promise is to play around all day on foot and hardly eat.
     The tests began about 20 days before each party and are held in the house of the Master of two to three times a week. Learning is made primarily by imitation, that is, by the observation of playing older. The teacher is strict in checking the errors and any deviation from traditional procedures is corrected.
     In Milagres, the Congos are presented in the district of the Rosário, during the feasts of Our Lady of the Rosário in October, the headquarters of the city, the feast of the patron saint, Our Lady of Milagres, in 6 days (days Hoisting Banner of the Holy) and 15 August, and also with the feast of Our Lady of Remedies, 26 October. Also, the Congos are summarized in the festivities of the end of the year before Midnight Mass, held at the headquarters, and at the heart of Renewals of Jesus, which take place inside the residences popular. In the latter case, the Congos appear only singing blessed, at the request of the owner of the house, which in turn offers a breakfast biscuit with the group.
     The figures are the permanent features of popular amusements. In Congos Milagres they are: King, Queen, wonder,, Master, Foreman, Ambassadors (two), Figures (themselves) in a number of 20. During courtship, keep the following provision: At the head is the wonder, in the heart king, queen, and behind them the Master, Foreman, on each side, a row of about 10 figures, led by Ambassadors, next to the parade , are the musicians, the Cabaçal band(two flutes, a bass drum and a box of war) and guitar player.
     Detailing better each figure, it is important to note the following:
     - King: dress pants and white blouse with a yellow shoelace linking the buttons also yellow. It takes a sword and a small crown.
     - Queen: Wear a long dress and pink or white crown on his head.
     - Espantão: dress blue pants with white stripe shirt, two tracks crossed on his chest, one red, one yellow, and a hat. Leads in hand a stick adorned with ribbons, like the mast of a flag.
     - Master: Sometimes it's the same 'wonder,' as in the case of Doca Zacarias. It is who runs the show, and he who draws the 'parts'. The Master wears blue pants, white shirt, red skirt, hood (mantle) and red hat trimmed.      Leads a whistle in one hand and a sword in the other.
     - Foreman: It's who replaces the Master when he is incapable of playing. He dresses like the Master and also carries a sword.
     - Ambassadors: dress equal to the Master and also carries a sword.
     - Figures: everyone dress the same as Master Their "uniforms" as they call contained in a white shirt, blue or white pants with white stripe or blue, red skirt, a jacket or a small blanket on the back and a small hat (or helmet) in the head. Some players adorn the dress with ribbons, others with mirrors etc..
The figures form a sort of chorus, dancing, singing, sword play, answered the call of the Master and eventually participate in any scenario.
     The culture is learned, because a process of transmission of oldest is verified to new, to the ratio that these if go embodied its society. To the measure that time passes, the men go acquiring customs and values of its ancestor, perfecting them, adjusting them it its current habits, transforming the culture and giving to continuity its existence.